Friday, April 18, 2008
"Cheap gas, and cars to put it in, have long given Americans the freedom to roam. For the people of Coy -- a largely African American community of about 900, two hours southwest of Montgomery -- that freedom has been particularly vital, delivering them out of rural isolation and into decent, if far-flung, employment," Richard Fausset of the Los Angeles Times reports from the town of 900.
"A generation ago, black laborers sharecropped cotton on white-owned land here. Others worked in nearby sawmills. By the 1960s, the mills were thriving, but small-scale farming was fading away, and the civil rights era had opened new job possibilities. Those jobs, however, tended to be spread around the state. The people of Coy gassed up their cars and drove to them." Today, many fill up at a local store started by two men who say they started it as a public service, not to make money. Fausset's description of the business and its clientele make for good reading, despite the sad backdrop.
Haecker's story and an editorial by Editor-Publisher Nancy McGuire were the latest in a series of hard-hitting pieces about alcohol problems in Nome, one of the farthest-flung towns in far-flung Alaska. One of the stories named victims of the plague, and that didn't sit well with one reader, whose letter was among several published this week in the subject.
Imagine your life like this: Your parents are drunk most of the time. You are cold and hungry because nobody really cares for you. Your mom whacks you with a baseball bat because you drank her pop. Your sister punches you in the face and gives you a black eye. Your brother hits you so hard that your wrist is broken. And still nobody cares.
Sometimes, at night, you're forced to watch scary movies to keep you in bed. Your brother has brain damage from being hit and neglected just as you are. You are eight 8 years old. And you already tried to take your life because the pain gets so bad that you just want it to stop.
Without any help, you'll turn to alcohol or drugs as soon as possible to numb the hurt. And then there will be agencies holding town meetings about what to do with kids like you who are "minors consuming alcohol" and have a court record before you turn 21.
Such is the cycle of alcoholism in Nome, aggravated by the lack of any long-term alcohol treatment program or facility in the region . . .
The Nugget's editorial page this week is a model of rural journalism. The readers have their say, and so does McGuire, in a firm but short and caring editorial, worthy of relaying in its entirety:
Silence can be deadly. We have problems— problems with substance abuse, domestic violence and sexual abuse. It may be a cultural thing to not want to talk about these problems. However, the fallout from these problems destroys communities, families, friendships and lives.Here's to McGuire for a great example of editorial leadership in rural journalism.
The time has come to speak out. It takes courage and resolve. These are problems that will continue to cycle from generation to generation and the toll gets higher and the pain more intense. It is not without deep concern that newspapers report on the problem. We care about our community and the well-being of our readers. We are part of the same community.
To solve the problem we must first recognize it and voice our concerns. We must resolve to listen and react. We have a lot of resources at our disposal and we have strength in numbers. Letʼs stop screaming in silence and break the chain that hurts so much.
Bishop writes that the call illustrated the fact that rural America equals agriculture for most candidates, an impression that needs to change. "Obama's rural handlers spent 90 percent of a conversation about rural Pennsylvania talking about an economy that provides only 6.5 percent of the rural jobs — a ratio rhetoric to relevance that, unfortunately, has held steady through much of this campaign," Bishop writes. In Pennsylvania, small towns have many concerns beyond agriculture, such as sprawl or the loss of young people to other states. (Read more)
For Bishop and geographer Tim Murphy's look at the declining economic fortunes of both urban and rural Pennsylvania, click here.
In a recent column, The New Republic's Jordan Stancil addresses one of the key problems facing rural towns: a loss of local ownership. Stancil writes that Obama's comments need to be used to further discussion about rural economic issues, not just be part of a debate over "elitism." In recent decades, "Rural Americans have seen their ownership of their communities hollowed out by relentless consolidation in the retail and financial sectors -- to say nothing of agriculture," Stancil writes. "While Obama is right to emphasize the fact that rural areas are hurting financially, the problem is not just cyclical changes in the economy but a deeper crisis of ownership."
Stancil later writes that he believes independence is the key value in small towns, and its loss, especially economically, is the root of any small-town bitterness He explains:
This independence is not threatened by Northeastern "cultural elitism," but it is threatened by economic policies that relentlessly favor bigness. The Democrats, because they are more likely than the Republicans to favor limitations on bigness, might be able to benefit from this truth -- and cut into the Republican lead in rural areas -- if their candidates can understand the real nature of small-town malaise. The challenge is not, as the candidates imply, simply to create jobs, but to help small towns reestablish local control of their economies. (Read more)Like Bishop, Stancil notes the many problems facing small towns: how to attract and keep good teachers, the need for broadband access, etc. These columns are worth a read, because they begin to address the larger issue of rural needs, not just the controversy over Obama's remarks.
In Williamsport (pop. 30,000), the Sun-Gazette reports that the 2,000 tickets available for Obama's stop today were scooped up in 90 minutes. Obama will speak at Lycoming College's Lamade Gymnasium, where the Clinton campaign has made two stops in the past month: Bill Clinton on March 29, and actor Sean Astin on April 11. Earlier today, Obama spoke in Erie, and The Times-News has full coverage (including video) of that event. He's set to begin a whistle-stop tour from Philadelphia to Harrisburg, after his big event in Philly tonight.
Johnstown (pop. 24,000) on the Allegheny Plateau has seen all of the Clintons — Bill, Chelsea and Hillary — at least once. The Johnstown Tribune-Democrat reported on Chelsea Clinton's appearance there on April 15, and Hillary Clinton has a visit planned for Sunday. Sen. Barack Obama played to a packed house at Greater Johnstown High's gym, the same place Bill Clinton had spoken just two weeks earlier. And the town of 20,000 has even drawn former Bush adviser Karl Rove in recent weeks.
In nearby Altoona (pop. 50,000), Obama's "bitter" comments drew some positive and negative responses, reports the Altoona Mirror. Steelworkers at one of 11 events organized by the Obama campaign said they were bitter about tough economic times, while Clinton supporters demonstrated their anger over the comments by holding signs that read "I'm not bitter," “Hillary will fight for us” and “Obama snubs Pennsylvania.”
In the last week, Hillary Clinton received the endorsement of 100 Pennsylvania mayors. In addition to nods from Philadelphia's and Pittsburgh's mayors, she picked up the support from many small-town mayors, including the one in Sharon (pop. 17,000), where former presidential hopeful Tom Vilsack campaigned on her behalf two weeks ago, reports The Herald.
Here are some other odds and ends from Pennsylvania:
- Sen. Ted Kennedy spoke with the Lancaster New Era about what superdelegates should do.
- The Beaver County Times notes how local volunteers make this national race go.
- The Centre Daily Times asked readers to respond to Obama's rural remarks; they have receive more than 4,000 responses so far.
- The Altoona Mirror found area voters were frustrated by this week's debate.
- And for all things related to Tuesday's vote, go to www.thepennsylvaniaprimary.com
Small-town officials are resigning in Oregon rather than disclose financial info under new ethics rules
Officials have resigned because they say the rules are "an unwarranted invasion of privacy," Hutchinson-Talaski writes. "The rules require information on such things as sources of income, directorships or business offices a person might hold, real property (other than a primary residence), names of any relative over the age of 18, office-related expenses not reimbursed by the public entity, any business conducted with a lobbyist, debts, and business investments, or service fees over $1,000 not related to a financial institution."
In nearby Umatilla (pop. 5,000), Ramona Anderson resigned from the Umatilla City Planning Commission after the new rules went into effect and said she did not like that the information would be available online in 2010. "Big Brother has taken over the farm," she told Hutchinson-Talaski. (Read more) (Hat tip to Al Tompkins of the Poynter Institute.)
“He wants to have an opportunity to let people in this area meet him, ask questions, even the tough ones, and have an opportunity to share his vision of how these communities can succeed,” Robertson said. “Sen. McCain’s focus is going to be to get out to a lot of communities similar to Inez,” the seat of Martin County (pop. 12,000). McCain is expected at 11 a.m. Wednesday at a townhall-style event. Kentucky's primary is May 20. (Read more)
The Associated Press describes Martin County this way: "In making his choice for a Kentucky visit, McCain will see firsthand a county with stubbornly deep pockets of poverty, though local officials point to considerable progress since President Johnson visited the county to declare his 'War on Poverty' a generation ago." (Read more)
Thursday, April 17, 2008
Rural residents in W.Va. still critical of power line that would stretch from Pennsylvania to Virginia
Power company officials say the line, which would run through six West Virginia counties, is necessary to bring electricity to Eastern cites. Until Tuesday, the PSC remained unconvinced, "saying the company had not shown need for the project, established significant benefits to West Virginians, or selected the less environmentally damaging route," Ward writes. "PSC staff attorneys and experts argued that Allegheny had not fully examined other options, such as building new plants near Eastern population centers or working to cut electricity demand."
The PSC, however, agreed to the TrAIL after Tuesday's settlement redirected the line away from Monongalia and Preston counties, where opposition was well organized. The PSC's consumer advocate had proposed the alternate route. As part of the settlement, Allegheny agreed to move a transmission operations center to West Virginia and save state customers more than $40 million in rate reductions and other incentives. The settlement, however, did not end all opposition to the line. "On Wednesday, the West Virginia chapter of Sierra Club, which intervened to oppose TrAIL, issued a statement that compared the settlement to the sale of Manhattan Island from the Canarsee Indians to the Dutch in 1626," Ward writes. (Read more)
Ward and the Gazette have been following the story for a while, as part of the series "Lines of Power."
Price of high prices: Rural growers and processors in California increase security to thwart thieves
In addition, the rising price of metals such as copper are drawing thieves (a problem we also mentioned here), and so farmers and others are stepping up their security with alarm systems, video surveillance and Neighborhood Watch groups. The problem of metal recycling has prompted a bill in the state legislature to force metal buyers to pay with check and report all their transactions. Holland reports that some counties and cities have adopted such measures, but farmers still say that the theft of few hundred dollars' worth of copper wiring can end up costing them thousands in repairs to damaged equipment. As a result, some are adding security they never had growing up, but they now say is necessary. (Read more)
This sounds like a story that is playing out in many places, and it would be worth finding out what farmers in other areas say about the threat of theft and about what they are doing to stop it.
CNHI, based in Birmingham, Ala., began the Elite Reporting Fellowship program in 2006. Bill Ketter, a former editor at The Eagle-Tribune (an Andover, Mass., paper which won a Pulitzer Prize in 2003 on his watch) and CNHI's current vice president of news, runs the program from his Massachusetts office. Each year, the program selects 10 fellows, who are assigned a national reporting project and given training (and equipment) to create multimedia reports for the entire chain. During that time, about four to six weeks, fellows are freed from their daily newsroom duties to focus on the project.
"We felt very strongly that good journalism is good business," Ketter, a former president of the American Society of Newspaper Editors, told Tilitz. "There's been so much negative publicity in our craft about the demise of in-depth journalism, and this more vigorous journalism has almost been eliminated. [The fellowship] creates a regular flow of high public service journalism."
In addition to the quality stories produced by the program, Tilitz notes that the added equipment and expertise have transformed papers such as the Ottumwa Courier in Iowa (circ. 14,000). The fellowship experience of one of its reporters "has ushered in a new era of multimedia and live blogging, a technique the paper has used to cover a local murder trial and election campaigns," Tilitz writes. (Read more)
Here are some examples of program's projects:
The announcement affected only one current project, a plan to build 100 turbines, each 400 feet tall, within two state forests in Garrett County. Residents had opposed the plan, saying they worried the construction would damage the protected landscape. Those favoring the project "said they would press ahead with plans for commercial wind farms on private land," Helderman writes. "O'Malley noted that private land as well as property owned by local jurisdictions or the federal government would not be affected by his decision."
A bill recently passed by the Maryland General Assembly requires 20 percent of the state's energy to come from renewable sources by 2022. O'Malley has not acted on the bill yet. (Read more)
The bill passed through both the House and Senate without opposition, but was the culmination of a 10-year effort by dentists and some wangling over whether dentists would have to be the ones performing the exams. The bill says exam can be performed "by a qualified dental professional, physician, registered nurse, advanced registered nurse practitioner or physician assistant," but if evidence of dental disease is found, the child must be referred to a dentist.
In West Virginia, another state with poor oral health, lawmakers recently passed a bill that would allow dental hygienists to do some basic teeth cleaning procedures without a dentist's supervision. Gov. Joe Manchin is expected to sign the bill into law. In Maine, the House passed a bill that "would provide an income tax credit of up to $15,000 for dentists who join or open a new practice or buy an existing practice in an underserved area, as defined by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and agree to practice there for at least five years," reports the Bangor Daily News.
Wednesday, April 16, 2008
After their daughter, Austin, was killed, Bryan and Renee Cloyd began organizing trips to Virginia for students to work with the Project. This year, 150 people from Virginia Tech have been on those trips (in addition, to the $70,000 given in donations in Austin's honor), and the Cloyds' example led the school to start "V.T.-Engage, which asked Virginia Tech students and faculty and staff members to perform at least 10 hours of service each," Urbina writes.
The Project has benefited from the college student volunteers. "Since its founding in 1969, the Appalachia Service Project has helped repair more than 13,000 homes in Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee and West Virginia," Urbina writes. "The trips are run year-round, and volunteers pay about $100 for a weekend trip and about $300 for a week. The fees help cover room, board and building materials." (Read more)
For more information the Appalachian Service Project, check out its Web site.
In "Deadlines and Dollars," Karin and Bill Schwanback, in a photo by Kathleen Cei, follow four local news reporters in Connecticut to examine why so little airtime goes to stories beyond the usual "crime and grime" stories. "On WFSB Channel 3, crime and spot news (those on-location reports that jazz up a newcast) typically get 58 percent of total news coverage, the film says, while government stories get just five percent," Bromage writes. "WTNH Channel 8 also does 58 percent crime/spot news, and 10 percent government. Lending credence to the 'if it bleeds, it leads' cliché, crime and grime lead Channel 8's newscasts 70 percent of the time and Channel 3's 80 percent of the time!"
Karin Schwanback explains those stats, which were the result of a six-week survey of the station's 11 p.m. broadcasts, are the a result of the increasingly profit-driven nature of local TV.
Crime and spot news are easy to produce with fewer reporters, which keeps costs down and profit margins up. Unlike the newspaper industry, which sees profits in the 18 percent range, TV networks are posting 40 to 50 percent profits.
Schwanback says she just as easily could have focused the film on photographers, editors or news directors. "They're all facing the same problem: They're working for publicly traded companies in which the mandate is to make a profit," she says, but chose reporters because she's sympathetic to their dilemma. (Read more)
Weekly newspapers are no longer weekly. Changing consumer demand for local news is turning weekly organizations into daily, even hourly, information providers. A few weeks ago, we highlighted how the weekly newspaper The Crittenden Press in Marion, Ky., had started a blog to keep readers informed between issues. Readers are starting to expect such efforts, and editors can learn how to meet readers' demand for 24/7 coverage across multiple platforms with limited budgets at "Leading the Weekly and Community Newsroom," June 18-21 at the American Press Institute in Reston, Va.
These seminars are expensive, but some of the best in the business. The tuition is $1,195, but those registering by April 18 will get a 10 percent discount, to $1,076. Members of the National Newspaper Association and Suburban Newspapers of America get additional discounts by registering and paying through those organizations' Web sites. The hotel and meal package at the Hyatt Regency Reston is an additional $980.
Gray explains that those competing interests — such as a crop subsidies or a new disaster aid program — managed to keep the attention of Congress and its funding. "I suspect that the rural development mouse will never become an elephant in its own right until Congress understands that effective rural development programs benefit both rural communities and the nation’s fiscal bottom line," Gray writes. "We’re caught in a cycle: We can’t reduce funding for the programs that treat the symptoms of poverty, such as hunger — which means the country doesn’t have the money to fund development that might alleviate the causes of poverty."
Gray does note some "good news" in the House and Senate versions, such as the $150 million in funding for socially disadvantaged farmers and those just starting out as farmers. Of that $150 million, $100 million is slated for the Pigford settlement, which arose out of the U.S. Department of Agriculture's admission that it had discriminated against African-American farmers. Grayt is research and policy director of the Southern Rural Development Initiative. (Read more)
Meanwhile, the House voted today to extend the 2002 Farm Bill another week to give lawmakers more time to finish the next one, but the Bush administration "is threatening to block an extension ... unless lawmakers meet its demands for changes in policy and avoids raising revenue to increase spending," reports Philip Brasher of the Des Moines Register. Friday is expiration date for existing programs. "It seems every time Congress advances this Farm Bill, the White House has to throw up another obstacle to the bill's completion," Sen. Tom Harkin, D-Iowa, told Brasher. "It's like we've pulled up in the combine for harvest, only to see a big boulder in the middle of the field setting us back." (Read more)
The Senate is expected to follow the House's lead, reports Peter Shinn of Brownfield Network. House Ag Committee Chairman Collin Peterson, D-Minn., told Shinn he expected "to have these things wrapped up by the 25th," and President Bush could have the bill on his desk by May 9. (Read more)
At different times, both have suggested they would support such a coal-plant moratorium, and have nevertheless suggested that such a freeze would be impractical in many places. “I am very disappointed and surprised at the comments by both presidential candidates. It leaves you somewhat confused over what kind of energy policy they advocate,” Chris Hamilton, vice president of the West Virginia Coal Association, told Finn.
Recently, Sally Mauk, news director of Montana Public Radio, talked to Clinton about a moratorium. Since cleaner coal technologies could be years away, Mauk asked Clinton, "“In the meantime, would you support a moratorium on new coal fired power plants?” Clinton replied, “It’s doable. We’re just not doing it. So yes, I would like to see us hold off on new coal power plant construction while we push to do the demonstration projects, push to do the energy efficiency. In some places that’s practical, in other places it isn’t. But the longer we wait, the less likely we are going to be to have the right solutions.”
Finn followed up with Clinton's domestic policy director, Catherine Brown, to clarify Clinton's stance on a moratorium, and reported:
“I don’t think there’s any ambiguity in her position. It’s a very bold and realistic position, given where we are with the technology right now,” Brown said.Obama addressed a possible coal-plant moratorium in a July 2007 interview with environmental magazine Grist.com, “I believe that relying on the ingenuity of the free market, coupled with a strong carbon cap, is the best way to reduce carbon emissions rather than an arbitrary freeze on development,” he said. (Grist.com interviewed Clinton in August 2007 but did not ask directly about a moratorium.) As with Clinton, Finn went to the Obama campaign to find out more about the candidate's position, and reports:
Brown hangs onto the last part of Clinton’s statement, that in some places, it’s practical, in other places, it isn’t.
“The ultimate goal is to be able to have that technology operating wherever it is possible, but she recognizes that we are a long way from that, given that we don’t have any commercial coal plants that are capturing and storing their carbon,” Brown said.
We tried to get Obama’s campaign on tape. They refused. But they did say that Obama’s proposal to cap and trade greenhouse gases would make it nearly impossible to build traditional coal-fired power plants in the future:Finn also looked at Senate records and found that both co-sponsored the Global Warming Pollution Reduction Act of 2007, and that both want to cut total greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent by 2050. To listen to his full report, go here.
“Obama will use whatever policy tools are necessary, including standards that ban new traditional coal facilities, to ensure that we move quickly to commercialize and deploy low carbon coal technology,” the Obama campaign e-mail says.
The energy and environment issue page of the Clinton campaign Web site declares: "Centered on a cap and trade system for carbon emissions, stronger energy and auto efficiency standards and a significant increase in green research funding, Hillary's plan will reduce America's reliance on foreign oil and address the looming climate crisis. Setting ambitious targets, the plan would reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80 percent from 1990 levels by 2050 to avoid the worst effects of global warming, and cut foreign oil imports by two-thirds from 2030 projected levels, more than 10 million barrels per day."The energy and environment issue page of the Obama campaign Web site declares: "Obama will significantly increase the resources devoted to the commercialization and deployment of low-carbon coal technologies. Obama will consider whatever policy tools are necessary, including standards that ban new traditional coal facilities, to ensure that we move quickly to commercialize and deploy low-carbon coal technology."
Josh Bendor of the campaign writes, "We would be delighted to be joined by readers (and writers) of The Rur
Tuesday, April 15, 2008
With “the thinning down of newspapers and local television in America, there is measurably less local, civic information available,” Knight CEO Alberto Ibarguen said. "The panel will make recommendations that might include actions by the Federal Communications Commission or tax policies aimed at helping communities better meet their information needs," AP's Jennifer Kerr reports. "The commission, expected to run for about a year, will be funded by $1.7 million in grants from Knight."
The commission chairs will be former solicitor general Ted Olson and Marissa Mayer, vice president of search products and user experience at Google. "About a dozen other members, including those with a journalism background, will be chosen," Kerr reports. (Read more)
Latest example: Some irresponsible commentator tonight on CNN, who would want us to mention his name, quoted Obama as saying that people retreat to guns in bad economic times. Others have said likewise about religion as a refuge from bad times. That is not what the presidential candidate was saying. He was talking about how those concerns influence voting.
Most of the published transcripts and recordings of Obama's remarks begin with him saying "You go into some of these small towns . . ." But immediately before that line, in response to a question from his California audience about how he can catch up in Pennsylvania, he said “Our challenge is to get people persuaded that we can make progress when there's not evidence of that in their daily lives.”
Obama was t
UPDATE, April 16: Writing on Slate, John Dickerson analyzes the problems Obama has created for himself but agrees with our previous and current observations: "He wasn't expressing a sweeping view of the human behavior of small-town people. He was making a tactical point about how politicians appeal to voters at election time, but that tactical point about electoral behavior still relies on an unflattering view of small-town voters. No matter what helping hand you extend him, Obama still claimed that voters have been hoodwinked on Election Day, and no one wants to be told that in the past they've been duped into voting for the wrong person." (Hat tip to Al Giordano of The Field)
Delegate Terry Kilgore, R-Gate City, told a crowd of 150 at the Virginia Mining Association's annual meeting "that their support for the Virginia City Hybrid Energy Center is critical in the face of vocal opposition to the plant," reports Keith Strange of The Coalfield Progress in Norton.
“A lot of you, and me personally, have been attacked (including by) one of our local newspapers,” Kilgore said. The Progress didn't name the paper, but Kilgore was probably referring to the Bristol Herald Courier, which has published editorials opposing the plant proposed by Dominion Power. (Read more, subscription required)
Much of the legislation "focuses on cutting off gun access to convicted criminals and the mentally ill and on improving methods to trace guns used in crimes," Steinhauer writes. "Underlying many of the proposals is an effort to redefine the gun debate as a law enforcement issue, rather than one that focuses on broad-based gun ownership, to sidestep prickly Second Amendment concerns. . . . Nearly a dozen states are considering forcing gun owners to report their weapons stolen or lost."
The 38-state figure comes from the National Rifle Association, which told the Times it has been tracking 208 gun bills, "the highest number since the gun group began monitoring state laws in 2001," Steinhauer reports. The group's chief executive, Wayne LaPierre, told her, “There has been a brick-by-brick restoration of the Second Amendment” over the past 10 years or so at the state level. “It is one of the most uncovered, fundamental sea changes in American politics.” (Read more)
"Rising gas costs, a higher number of uninsured patients and Medicare reimbursement cuts have fueled the downward spiral for services that play such a critical role for rural Oklahoma," Archer writes. "Many Oklahomans depend on rural ambulance service as their sole health-care provider. Each service has its own way of funding itself, from collecting fees to property taxes. All rely on Medicare reimbursements."
The reduction in ambulance services means those that remain are spread even more thin, leading to longer wait times for people in need of care. Rural ambulance services also face a problem in terms of recruiting paramedics or emergency medic technicians, since the services cannot offer benefits comparable to those given by police or fire departments. Oklahoma lawmakers have proposed legislation to address the ambulance crisis, but none has been enacted. These issues are far from limited to Oklahoma, so probably deserve coverage in other states. (Read more)
Monday, April 14, 2008
Agriculture Committee chairs agree on Farm Bill; now it's up to chairs of the tax-writing committees
"Senate Finance Chairman Max Baucus and House Ways & Means Committee Chair Barney Frank still have to agree on the offsets," Leach writes. "House and Senate conferees still need to vote on various other issues." And there's still a question about whether President Bush will sign the bill, veto it or allow it to become law without his signature. (Read more)
UPDATES: While the two committee chairs agree to a "broad outline" for a new Farm Bill that is about $10 billion over the budget baseline for the next 10 years, "neither side agrees on the ways to come up with the extra money," reports Dan Looker of Agriculture Online. He reports that the main sticking points are the disaster aid program (which the Senate version funds with $4 billion) and tax cuts (worth $2.5 billion) for farmers. Committee members discussed those issues during yesterday's conference committee meeting, and they will renew the debate during today's meeting. Still, "House Agriculture Committee Chairman Collin Peterson (D-MN) said he isn't optimistic that a farm bill will be finished unless the financing issues are resolved," Looker writes. (Read more) With Friday's expiration of an extension that was supposed to be the last one, the impasse "raises the specter of a new farm law that won't spend more money than authorized by last year's Congressional Budget Office (CBO) baseline for farm programs," notes Peter Shinn of Brownfield Network. (Read more)
Here is a full list of members of the conference committee (thanks to the Iowa Independent):
Senate Agriculture Committee Chairman Tom Harkin, D-Iowa
Senate Agriculture Committee ranking member Saxby Chambliss, R-Ga.
Sen. Max Baucus, D-Mont.
Sen. Kent Conrad, D-N.D.
Sen. Pat Leahy, D-Vt.
Sen. Blanche Lincoln, D-Ark.
Sen. Debbie Stabenow, D-Mich.
Sen. Richard Lugar, R-Ind.
Sen. Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa
Sen. Thad Cochran, R-Miss.
Sen. Pat Roberts, R-Kan.
House Agriculture Committee Chairman Rep. Collin C. Peterson, D-Minn.
Rep. Tim Holden, D-Penn.
Rep. Mike McIntyre, D-N.C.
Rep. Bob Etheridge, D-N.C.
Rep. Leonard Boswell, D-Iowa
Rep. Joe Baca, D-Calif.
Rep. Dennis Cardoza, D-Calif.
Rep. David Scott, D-Ga.
Rep. George Miller, D-Calif. (Education and Labor)
Rep. Carolyn McCarthy, D-N.Y. (Education and Labor)
Rep. John Dingell, D-Mich. (Energy and Commerce)
Rep. Frank Pallone, D-N.J. (Energy and Commerce)
Rep. Paul Kanjorski, D-Penn. (Financial Services)
Rep. Maxine Waters, D-Calif. (Financial Services)
Rep. Howard Berman, D-Calif. (Foreign Affairs)
Rep. Brad Sherman, D-Calif. (Foreign Affairs)
Rep. John Conyers, D-Mich. (Judiciary)
Rep. Bobby Scott, D-Va. (Judiciary)
Rep. Nick Rahall, D-W.V. (Natural Resources)
Delegate Madeline Bordallo, D-Guam (Natural Resources)
Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Calif. (Oversight and Government Reform)
Rep. Edolphus Towns, D-N.Y. (Oversight and Government Reform)
Rep. Bart Gordon, D-Tenn. (Science and Technology)
Rep. Nick Lampson, D-Texas (Science and Technology)
Rep. Nydia Velasquez, D-N.Y. (Small Business)
Rep. Heath Shuler, D-N.C. (Small Business)
Rep. Jim Oberstar, D-Minn. (Transportation and Infrastructure)
Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton, D-D.C. (Transportation and Infrastructure)
Rep. Charles Rangel, D-N.Y.(Ways and Means)
Rep. Earl Pomeroy, D-N.D. (Ways and Means)
Agriculture Committee Ranking Member Bob Goodlatte of Virginia
Rep. Frank Lucas, R-Okla.
Rep. Jerry Moran, R-Kan.
Rep. Robin Hayes, R-N.C.
Rep. Marilyn Musgrave, R-Colo.
Rep. Randy Neugebauer, R-Texas
Rep. Todd Platts, R-Penn. (Education and Labor)
Rep. Joe Barton, R-Texas (Energy and Commerce)
Rep. Spencer Bachus, R-Ala. (Financial Services)
Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, R-Fla. (Foreign Affairs)
Rep. Lamar Smith, R-Texas (Judiciary)
Rep. Cathy McMorris-Rodgers, R-Wash. (Natural Resources)
Rep. Jim Jordan, R-Ohio (Oversight and Government Reform)
Rep. Michael McCaul, R-Texas (Science and Technology)
Rep. Steve Chabot, R-Ohio (Small Business)
Rep. Sam Graves, R-Mo. (Transportation and Infrastructure)
Rep. Jim McCrery, R-La. (Ways and Means)
Rep. Rosa DeLauro, D-Conn.
Rep. Adam Putnam, R-Fla.
The best example was the Kennebec Journal of Augusta, Me., which won for editorial writing, a category that failed to produce a Pulitzer Prize winner this year. Located in one of the nation's smallest state capitals (pop. 18,500), the Journal has a circulation of only 15,000. Its opinion editor, Naomi Schalit, right, earned the award for her week-long, 13-story series "For I was hungry." It was a unique way of exploring a critical issue, hunger in Maine, and also taking a stand about it. John Christie, the newspaper's publisher, described the series this way:
Most series are written by news reporters or a team of reporters. But this series was researched and written solely by the opinion page editor and not only reports the facts of hunger in Maine, but also editorializes about what should be done about this sad and urgent problem.
Opinion page investigative series are rare at newspapers of any size, but nearly unheard of at small daily newspapers like ours. Usually, only metropolitan newspapers with opinion page staffs of half a dozen or more can free up a writer long enough to delve deeply into a single topic. But this newspaper made a commitment to the community three years ago when I published our vision statement. We want, I wrote at the time, to become “distinguished papers of our size; we go beyond standard news coverage with journalism that informs, probes and provokes.”
Mine and Safety Health News, based in Pittsford, N.Y., won for the second straight year for Public Service in Newsletter Journalism. This year's winning entry was on the Crandall Canyon Mine disaster in Utah; last year, it won for coverage of the Sago Mine disaster in West Virginia.
In categories for newspapers with circulation of less than 100,000, the Wisconsin State Journal of Madison (circ. 87,547) won for public service with its week-long series "Elder abuse: A silent shame." Included in that series was an article about how the safety net for the elderly is often not as strong in rural areas. The Post and Courier in Charleston, S.C., (circ. 95,709) won two awards in the small-paper class, for deadline and non-deadline reporting. The Columbian (circ. 46,203) of Vancouver, Wash., next to Portland, Ore., won for investigative reporting.
BusinessWeek won the magazine investigative-reporting award for its "Poverty Series," which chronicled "U.S. companies' audacious drive to extract more profits from the nation's working poor," including those in rural areas. Michigan Radio in Ann Arbor won for public service in radio journalism with "Grading Michigan Schools," a comprehensive look at education in the state. Two small TV stations, KOMU-TV in Columbia, Mo., and WLOX-TV in Biloxi, Miss., won awards for stations outside the top 25 markets. KOMU-TV won for its documentary, "Mercy in Motion: The Culture that Crawls in Vietnam," while WLOX-TV won for public service with its report "Home Sweet Meth Home."
This year’s winners were chosen from more than 1,000 entries in 48 categories including print, radio, television and online. The lesson from the smaller winners, especially the Kennebec Journal, is that smaller news outlets can tackle major projects successfully.
In Kentucky and Oklahoma, however, pharmacies and police have turned those logs into online databases that have prevented illegal sales as well as led to meth lab busts. Such systems offer a model for Illinois and Missouri, which led the nation in meth busts with 1,189 — twice as many as any other state — last year, reports Christine Byers of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
In Laurel County, Kentucky, police have been using MethCheck software for the past two years. (P-D photo by J.B. Forbes shows Detective Brian Lewis talking with pharmacists in the county about possible illegal purchases of pseudoephedrine.) "In the first year of using the program, the number of labs the squad seized more than quadrupled," Byers writes. "Using federal and state money, Kentucky plans to spend about $500,000 to link its 1,290 pharmacies statewide in June." The linking of pharmacies is the key, because it means meth producers can't just go from store to store, buying pseudoephedrine and signing logs that remain isolated. A similar system already is in place in Oklahoma, where officials said the database linking the state's 1,485 pharmacies has helped reduce the number of confirmed meth labs by 92 percent since 2005. "You're basically putting the 'Welcome' mat out for meth cooks to come to your state if you don't have a database," Oklahoma Bureau of Narcotics spokesman Mark Woodward told Byers.
In Missouri, lawmakers have passed bills to create a system modeled after Oklahoma's, but the necessary funding won't be available until next year. In the meantime, some counties are pursuing grants to establish their own databases now. Oregon, however, has taken an alternative approach by making pseudoephedrine a prescription drug, a move the state said makes expensive databases unnecessary. (Read more) As we noted last week, meth cooks can find other ways of securing key ingredients, such as stealing from farms.
While opponents of coal-fired plants seek immediate and local goals, "the plant-by-plant strategy is part of a campaign by environmentalists to force the federal government to deal with climate change," reports Judy Pasternak of the Los Angeles Times. "The fights are scattered from Georgia to Wyoming, from Illinois to Texas, but the ultimate target is Washington, where the Bush administration has resisted placing limits on carbon dioxide and Congress has yet to act on a global warming bill." Those on the other side — utilities and other companies in the energy business — are fighting back with ad campaigns and legal maneuvering of their own, "bringing the clash over coal to a pitch that rivals the environmental and legal fights over nuclear power decades ago."
The environmental coalition, which includes Natural Resources Defense Council, Environmental Defense Fund and Environmental Integrity Project, takes credit for derailing 65 coal-related power projects in the last three years, but an industry lobbyist told Pasternak the actual number is far smaller. Still, industry leaders are trying to form a strategy to rebuff the environmentalists' challenges, but because different companies have such different stances on global warming a comprehensive plan has been elusive.
"Since a meeting in Washington last summer, the partners in the anti-coal crusade have been focusing more squarely on carbon dioxide emissions in their local skirmishes, hoping to create precedents for dealing with a pollutant that is not federally regulated," Pasternak writes. She provides nice summary of the national trend, and it's worth a read to learn more about how local disputes fit into the bigger picture. (Read more)
Negotiators deadlocked and 'facing failure in the face' as deadline to pass a Farm Bill looms Friday
In his new role, Rogers is able to be more analytical and pointed, and he gigs the Bush administration: "Having raised the banner of reform, the White House appears to be playing the role of the spoiler, resisting even modest revenue-raisers accepted by House Republicans while refusing to come off the bench and pressure for some savings from direct payments to producers, now costing $5.2 billion a year even with today’s high crop prices."
The biggest stumbling blocks are the Senate's wish for an extra $4 billion in disaster aid, pushed by the National Farmers Union and other interests from the marginal, drought-sensitive row-crop region of the Dakotas and Montana, and $2.5 billion in tax breaks, including one for the horse industry. House Agriculture Committee Chairman Collin Peterson (D-Minn.) told Rogers, “The tax package will not be in this farm bill. It ain’t going to happen, and the sooner the Senate realizes that, the better.” Peterson dropped the disaster provision in a compromise offer last week, infuriating Sen. Max Baucus (D-Mont.), Rogers reports. But Baucus, the chairman of the Senate Finance Committee has deeper problems with his House counterpart, Ways and Means Committee Chairman Charles Rangel of New York, over Baucus' proposed revenue measures to pay for the disaster aid. (Read more)
Things got no better today. For an afternoon update from Peter Shinn of Brownfield Network, click here.
Sunday, April 13, 2008
Dee Davis of the Center for Rural Strategies, right, writes on the center's rural news portal, the Daily Yonder, "As this political tempest runs its course, the challenge is to see if the country can get beyond a debate about whether small town voters are bitter. The real challenge is to follow up on Senator Obama’s earlier candid moment. Rural life is threatened by economic policy that perpetually fails rural communities."
In rural America, Davis writes, "Poverty rates are substantially higher, as are rates of unemployment, substance abuse, diagnosed clinical depression, and deaths in Iraq and Afghanistan. The way we have come to address these specific issues is that every four years presidential candidates come to Iowa and take a stand on ethanol subsidies. As if it mattered. That so many small-town voters are not embittered by a national political process that ignores them may be a more unflattering testament than the annotated list of Senator Obama’s stereotypes."
As for Obama's characterization, Davis writes, "There may be a measure of truth in all stereotypes. That is why they are so dangerous to use. Who wants to be on the receiving end? Who wants to be labeled? Even in the context of sharing polling data that correlates professed values with recurring disappointments, who wants to be summed up and explained away for the benefit of Marin County donors? My bet is that the voters across the Bay in inner-city Oakland would enjoy the experience no more than those in small-town Pennsylvania."
The Center for Rural Strategies is among the organizations that have joined our call for a rural-issues forum, and Davis suggests that it's become all the more timely. "In a time when the world is struggling to re-imagine how it will feed, fuel, and heal a damaged planet," he writes, "a full-throated oratory on where rural fits in may find surprisingly attentive audiences both back home and in parlors beyond." (Read more)
Another supporter of a rural issues forum is Barbara Leach of My Rural America, who writes on her blog, "Everything isn't coming up roses in rural America and from our view point, it's a good thing when political leaders start recognizing it." (Read more) Other supporters include Farm Foundation, the Indiana Farm Bureau the League of Rural Voters and RuralVotes.com, publisher of The Field, a presidential-election blog. Rural newspaper commentary on Obama's remarks is starting, and is not all predictable. Dan Jackson, left, is a Paris, Tenn., businessman who writes a weekly column for The Paris Post-Intelligencer, a 7,800-circulation daily northwest of Nashville. Jackson writes in his column to be published Wednesday that he is for John McCain but is now open to supporting Obama, "for at least attempting to understand the situation of the rural U.S." He quotes Obama's remarks and writes: For the life of me I can't figure out where something in that paragraph is untrue. Jackson notes manufacturing jobs lost in the Paris area and writes, "Tell me those same workers, displaced and distraught have not turned in time of crisis to issues they understand? For if the candidates, hell if the Presidents of these United States have not been able to understand the issue of job loss in small-town America, how can Uncle Jimmy or Auntie Jo? Rural journalists writing their own commentaries on this should be sure to note the context in which Obama was speaking: how he gets votes in rural areas and small towns. He was talking about voting behavior, not general behavior, but that important distinction has not been made in much of today's commentary. The best coverage gets it right; as Perry Bacon and Shailagh Murray write in The Washington Post, Obama "explained his struggles appealing to working-class voters" and quoted him speaking in Muncie, Ind.:
"So I said, 'Well, you know, when you're bitter you turn to what you can count on,' " he continued. "So people they vote about guns, or they take comfort from their faith and their family and their community. And they get mad about illegal immigrants who are coming over to this country or they get frustrated about, you know, how things are changing. That's a natural response." The Post reports that aides "described Obama as frustrated with himself for word choices such as 'cling' and references to hot-button issues including religion and guns, but also stunned at the uproar over what to him seemed a fundamental fact of American life." (Read more)
Rural newspaper commentary on Obama's remarks is starting, and is not all predictable. Dan Jackson, left, is a Paris, Tenn., businessman who writes a weekly column for The Paris Post-Intelligencer, a 7,800-circulation daily northwest of Nashville. Jackson writes in his column to be published Wednesday that he is for John McCain but is now open to supporting Obama, "for at least attempting to understand the situation of the rural U.S." He quotes Obama's remarks and writes:
For the life of me I can't figure out where something in that paragraph is untrue.
Jackson notes manufacturing jobs lost in the Paris area and writes, "Tell me those same workers, displaced and distraught have not turned in time of crisis to issues they understand? For if the candidates, hell if the Presidents of these United States have not been able to understand the issue of job loss in small-town America, how can Uncle Jimmy or Auntie Jo?
Rural journalists writing their own commentaries on this should be sure to note the context in which Obama was speaking: how he gets votes in rural areas and small towns. He was talking about voting behavior, not general behavior, but that important distinction has not been made in much of today's commentary. The best coverage gets it right; as Perry Bacon and Shailagh Murray write in The Washington Post, Obama "explained his struggles appealing to working-class voters" and quoted him speaking in Muncie, Ind.: