Saturday, May 03, 2008
The move was a defeat for Republican Sen. Charles Grassley, who told the Independent a packer ban is needed more than ever because "the world's largest meatpacker, JBS, has announced plans to purchase three other meatpacking companies," Judge writes. Grassley told him, "We've seen why it's needed more than ever. Packer-owned cattle and hogs distort the marketplace so the farmer can't get a fair price." (Read more)
For a rundown on other aspects of the bill, from Peter Shinn of Brownfield Network, click here.
The battle began last year, when Sebelius' health and environment secretary denied permits for two power plants sought by Sunflower Electric Corp. on grounds they would produce too much carbon dioxide, the main gas responsible for climate change. Utilities and their legislative allies pushed through bills negating the decision, saying state law does not call for regulation of carbon dioxide, but Sebelius vetoed the bills. The Senate voted to override the veto of its measure, but the House fell four votes short. House leaders then introduced a resolution that would allow the legislature to sue the governor over the issue.
Sunflower has out-of-state partners in the project. "The plants would primarily supply power to Colorado and Texas customers, with 15 percent of the output reserved for use by customers in sparsely populated western Kansas," wrotes Dion Lefler of The Wichita Eagle. "The main opposition to the plan has come from a coalition of urban and suburban lawmakers, including Wichita-area Democrats, and Democrats and moderate Republicans from along the Topeka-Kansas City freeway corridor." (Read more)
The workshop began yesterday with an overview of rural America and its health-care system, moderated by your blogger. The panelists were Charles Fluharty, director of policy and director emeritus of the Rural Policy Research Institute; Dennis Berens, director of rural health for the state of Nebraska and former weekly newspaper publisher; and Patricia Thomas, who holds the Knight chair in health and medical journalism at the University of Georgia. One unexpected focus of the discussion was trauma care. It's always been an issue in rural areas, but is being complicated by the declining state of volunteer ambulance services in many rural communities, Berens said.
Today's first session was on diabetes, which almost one in 10 Americans have. Many rural areas have high rates of the disorder, which can lead to many other medical complications and disease; most diabetics live 10 to 14 fewer years than non-diabetics, said Dr. David Gardner of the University of Missouri.
Dave Templeton of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette was not only the moderator but an example. He said he is a Type 1 diabetic who was diagnosed at 11 and has lived all his life in a rural county, but "Not once was I ever asked to take a diabetes education course. . . . Diabetes requires self-management."
The other panelists were Dr. Edwin Fisher of the University of North Carolina, who talked about diabetes self-management in rural communities, including Richland County. Mont., on the North Dakota border, and among migrant farmworkers in southwestern Arizona; and Patty Johnson, a nurse and diabetes educator in three rural counties in the southwest corner of Pennsylvania that have high rates of amputation resulting from diabetes.
Fisher said the best diabetes care is community-based, with support groups and activities to encourage self-management. We think rural journalists should think of themselves as part of the community effort, because many people with diabetes resist doing much about it. Gardner cited what he called "the law of halves:" Half the people with diabetes accept intervention, half of those who accept intervention follow the advice, and it works for only half of those, equaling only one-eighth of the diabetic population. For Fisher's help in covering diabetes, you can e-mail him here.
We think one of the most important roles journalists can play in combating diabetes is helping people avoid Type 2 diabetes, the most common form, in which the body becomes insensitive to the insulin in produces to process sugar in the blood. The major steps are losing weight and being more physically active. One way to approach this would be to find someone who has been diagnosed as pre-diabetic (high blood sugar but not high enough to be diabetic), has friends or relatives with diabetes, and has successfully avoided the disease by taking appropriate measures.
Gardner emphasized the role of genetics in the development of diabetes, and noted that it is a disorder, not a disease, and is not just related to blood sugar; other factors that need treatment include blood pressure, cholesterol and other compounds that harm the body. "it's important that we recognize this as a genetic disease made worse by our environment -- too much food, not enough exercise," he said, adding that it's also the wrong kind of food; Gardner said the closing of supermarkets in rural areas has made proper food harder to find and reduced the quality of diets. He said too many stories over-emphasize the role of obesity in diabetes: "Don't blame the patients in your stories, and at the very least, show the patients hope."
Friday, May 02, 2008
Clintons push for rural votes to keep her in race; ex-president calls himself 'ambassador,' hits elites
In South Bend, Ind., Barack Obama discussed his rural agenda and his small-town roots as a child in Kansas, reports Jason McFarley of The Truth in Elkhart. (In Truth photo by Jennifer Shephard, Obama addresses an invitation-only audience of 60 people at the St. Joseph County 4-H Fairgrounds.)
"It is my belief that rural America represents what's best about America -- hard work, responsibility, individual initiative, a sense of community, a sense of family," Obama said during the town-hall style event. "And the fact that rural America is having such a difficult time indicates that we've lost focus on our values."
Obama also discussed his plans for helping farmers and other rural residents. He detailed his plans for "engaging farmers in the creation of biofuels and renewable energy sources that would curb dependence on petroleum-based fuels that have driven up costs in the agricultural sector," McFarley writes. "In addition, Obama called for investing in infrastructure -- roads, bridges, schools and hospitals -- that he said would improve quality of life in rural communities." (Read more)
While Obama was reaching out to Clinton's base, Bill Clinton tried to appeal to Obama's strength: young voters. The former president spoke at West Virginia University in Morgantown, emphasizing what his wife would do for them, reports The Associated Press. "In a speech that was heavier on substance than style, Clinton laid out dozens of reasons young people should help elect his wife, from promises of universal health care and a meaningful job-creation plan to her ideas for cutting gasoline prices and fighting global warming," the AP reports. (Read more) For an aidio report from West Virginia Public Broadcasting, click here.
But primarily, Bill Clinton is his wife's "designated rural hit man," as he put it last month. He put it more nicely in Elkin, N.C.: "I love my duties in this campaign because I'm basically the ambassador of Hillary's campaign to rural America, to small-town America." (AP photo by Jason Miczek: Clinton speaks from the bed of a pickup truck in North Wilkesboro, N.C.)
In Junction City, Ore., he took issue with a pundit: "I just read an article in The Associated Press that quotes a Reed College political science professor who says that my coming to see you won't work. Now listen, he said that Hillary's decision to reach out to rural Oregon was -- quote -- 'old politics'."
Rural anti-elitism is a frequent theme for Bill Clinton. Susan Milligan of The Boston Globe writes, "The former president scoffed at an unnamed 'snooty' columnist who had poked fun at his wooing of ordinary working folk." To hoots from the crowd in Dunn, N.C., he said, "They think we're dumber than we are. I grew up in a place like this. I know people here are as smart as anywhere else. They haven't figured that out yet," meaning "the political and media establishment," Milligan writes. "Rural towns like Dunn are Hillary Clinton's best hope to wrest the Democratic nomination from Barack Obama."
Milligan reports that in relatively poor Lumberton, N.C., Clinton "recalled the Southern wisteria and dogwood he so loved seeing during his childhood springtimes in Arkansas. He bemoaned the loss of jobs in the country and voiced the crowd's collective frustration over high gas prices that he said make it too expensive for employees to drive to work - a comment that wins enthusiastic applause from rural voters." (Read more) Hillary Clinton and John McCain support suspending the federal gasoline tax over the summer, which Obama opposes as a gimmick; FactCheck.org, an independent outfit that tests candidates' campaign ads and promises, agrees with him.
Eli Saslow of The Washington Post, following Bill Clinton, notes that "He seeks laudatory local news coverage but avoids attention from the national press." North Carolina state Sen. Julia Boseman told "He has a way of instantly making the kind of connection that wins over people in towns like these. People here can't believe they're seeing or touching him. They love him just for coming." (Read more) But Tracy Russo of The Field blog writes that Clinton "represents the past at a time when people are desperately longing to move forward towards a brighter future. The Globe did a good job of capturing that dichotomy and the whole article is worth a read." Russo also notes that there are 120 superdelegates "who come from rural America that have yet to declare their support. Will Clinton do as well with them as she has done with rural voters in general?"
Chuck Todd, Mark Murray, and Domenico Montanaro of the NBC News political unit write on their First Read blog, citing the Globe story, "This Bill Clinton strategy of going to every small little town they can set up in has been quietly paying dividends for the Clinton campaign." The campaign appears to think so; the former president is scheduled to be in Marion, Morganton, Lenoir, Newton, Kenersville and Reidsville, N.C., on Sunday, and in Elizabeth City, New Bern, Jacksonville, Smithfield, Louisburg, Zebulon, Henderson, Roxboro, and Raleigh on Monday.
Thursday, May 01, 2008
UPDATE: Maybe the end is in sight. Shinn reports that a late-night, six-hour meeting has the Farm Bill "all but wrapped up." Here's the story.
Ann Bagel Storck of MeatingPlace.com, which covers the red-meat industry, writes that the study "raises issues such as the huge amount of animal waste industrial farms generate, use of antibiotics by such facilities leading to the development of drug-resistant bacteria and the high concentration of animals on industrial farms increasing the risk of disease spreading. The report's recommendations include phasing out the most inhumane production practices within 10 years; implementing federal performance-based standards to improve animal welfare; and expanding and reforming animal agriculture research."
Weiss reports, "Several observers said the report, by experts with varying backgrounds and allegiances, is remarkable for the number of tough recommendations that survived the grueling research and review process, which participants said was politically charged and under constant pressure from powerful agricultural interests. In the end, however, even industry representatives on the panel agreed to such controversial recommendations as a ban on the nontherapeutic use of antibiotics in farm animals -- a huge hit against veterinary pharmaceutical companies -- a phaseout of all intensive confinement systems that prevent the free movement of farm animals, and more vigorous enforcement of antitrust laws in the increasingly consolidated agricultural arena." (Read more)
For the full report, click here. For the commission's press release, click here. For a rebuttal from the Animal Agriculture Alliance, click here.
Even as policymakers begin to voice reservations about recent measure to spur more biofuel production, Mufson reports, "Two leading oil pipeline companies are exploring the feasibility of building a $3 billion ethanol pipeline, the first of its kind, to link Iowa and other parts of the Midwest with motor-fuel markets in the East. It would carry 3.65 billion gallons a year and give another industry a vested interest in maintaining high ethanol output."
American farmers' rush to corn last year "edged out some soybeans, which as a result are being grown in greater numbers on previously unplowed areas in other countries," Mufson writes. "And that releases carbon dioxide that had previously been stored in the soil as organic matter," adding to the atmosphere the main greenhouse gas responsible for climate change.
Mufson's story, which focuses on Iowa and has some interesting details about eggs and castrated roosters, is an evenhanded glimpse of a few slices of perhaps the greatest problem facing the world today. But it and the Post series prompted objections from farm and biofuel interests, reflected in this story by Peter Shinn of Brownfield Network.
The newspaper said the cuts would reduce its circulation to 320,200 daily and 487,700 Sunday. In the six months ended March 31, the paper's daily circulation fell 8.5 percent to 326,907, and its Sunday distribution dropped 5 percent to 497,149. "The AJC attributed some of the declines to a previous round of distribution area cutbacks in 2007," its story said. "Prior to that cut, the AJC's distribution area covered almost 200 counties in five states." (Read more)Amid similar six-month reports at most metropolitan papers, Lee Enterprises Inc. said its 54 dailies "saw growing print and online viewership in March," The Associated Press reported. Many of Lee's papers are small; the dailies' average circulation is under 30,000. The papers and their Web sites "reached 72 percent of adults in their markets last month, up from 68 percent in the prior-year period," according to Wilkerson & Associates, a research firm. (Read more)
UPDATE, July 7: The Times-Picayune of New Orleans has eliminated most of its circulation in Mississippi, about 3,000 subscriptions and single-copy sales, mainly the latter, Joe Strupp reports for Editor & Publisher. The exceptions are 700 or so papers still being distributed in Picayune, in the Mississippi Panhandle less than 50 miles from New Orleans. Circulation Director Phil Ehrhardt said much of the paper's Mississippi circulation was wiped out by Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and had not returned.
Such considerations "represent a dramatic backlash against corn ethanol," Paulson writes, noting how the last few months have quickly changed corn ethanol's reputation. She adds: "Many experts worry that Washington's new skepticism will undo important progress the U.S. has made in replacing foreign oil with domestic energy alternatives. But others say that done right, a shift toward cellulose – nonfood plant material like grasses and crop residues – could reduce U.S. reliance on imported oil just as well as corn does. And it would accomplish it with fewer food and environmental trade-offs."
Underscoring that point, Paulson mentions the reduction in the ethanol tax credit that likely will be part of the Farm Bill. The proposal would drop the current 51-cent a gallon ethanol tax credit down to a 45- or 47-cent a gallon credit, while at the same time creating a $1.01 a gallon tax credit for cellulosic ethanol. There are yet no commercial-scale cellulosic ethanol producers. (Read more)
An earlier version of the bill had used compliance with the Society of Professional Journalists' Code of Ethics to determine who qualifies as a journalist, but the final legislation granted protection to those who disseminate news in the "substantial public interest," as well as those who have ever worked in the news media.
Maine recently became the 35th state (in addition to the District of Columbia) to enact a reporter's privilege or shield law after Gov. John Baldacci signed the bill in late April, reports Editor & Publisher. Supported by the Maine Press Association, the Maine Chapter of the Society of Professional Journalists and the Maine Association of Broadcasters, the law protects reporters from disclosing confidential sources or information. The law does not, however, apply to "non-confidential" material such as reporters' notes or unpublished photographs. (Read more)
For a comprehensive overview of shield laws, go here.
The announcement begins a 60-day public comment period, after which the department will issue a final rule. Already, some proponents have the current ban have spoken out. "This is purely and simply a politically driven effort to solve a problem that doesn't exist. There are no existing data that suggest any public interest to be gained by allowing visitors to parks to possess concealed handguns," Bill Wade, chairman of the Coalition of National Park Service Retirees, told Hotakainen. "This proposed regulation increases the risk to visitors, employees and wildlife rather than reducing it." (Read more)
Interior Secretary Dirk Kempthorne said, "The safety and protection of park and refuge visitors remains a top priority for the Department of the Interior. The proposed regulations will incorporate current state laws authorizing the possession of concealed firearms, while continuing to maintain important provisions to ensure visitor safety and resource protection."
The announcement wasn't unexpected. Under pressure from Congress, the department said in February that it would review the ban and make a recommendation by the end of April. As a result, many proponents of the ban feared that the administration was getting ready to lift it. Several National Park Service employee advocacy groups and the National Parks Conservation Association said the proposed change would lead to confusion for visitors, rangers and other law enforcement agencies.
The Economist did not cite the name or author of the study, but thanks to help from our friends at Penn State, we tracked it down. It's called "The Returns to Education in Rural Areas," and it addresses the rural "brain drain" alluded to by the magazine. The lead author is Stephan Goetz, of Penn State's Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development. In a policy brief for the Southern Rural Development Center, the authors explain that the brain drain "not only deprives local employers of an educated workforce, but it also represents a drain on local resources because the communities that invested in the education of these workers do not reap any returns on that investment."
The study crunched numbers to place an actual number on returns for education in rural and urban areas. The study found that a 1 percent increase in the share of high school graduates in a typical rural county raises per capita income by $128, while a 1 percent increase in urban areas result in a $413 increase. The graph below shows the figures vary widely by region.
The regional variances are important because key factors such as population density, social capital, classroom size and highway access ramps "have no statistical effect in leveraging the impact of educational attainment," the study says. It concludes that there are "staggering odds or disadvantages that rural areas face in terms of providing those with a high school degree a reasonable return on their investment."
The Economist examines the long-term trend toward consolidation of schools and school districts, a major issue in rural areas. Its article highlights South Dakota, where the total enrollment of students has fallen 9.4 percent over the past 10 years (Economist chart). That drop led legislators to force any school district with fewer than 100 students to merge with another. "Legislators, particularly urban ones, reckon that merging districts will create economies of scale and allow schools to offer a broader curriculum," The Economist reports. "But in many cases, a merger will lead a good school to close, forcing its pupils to take long bus journeys to the next town."
The Economist connects South Dakota's example to the "long and contentious"' history of school consolidation in this country, which had 117,000 school districts in 1939 and 14,000 in 2005. Maine passed similar legislation last year, and the transition has not been smooth. (A column in Tuesday's Bangor Daily News attacks the plan for eliminating school choice.) North Dakota considered a consolidation plan in the 1990s, but the discussion "sparked such outrage that politicians dropped the subject entirely," The Economist reports. (Read more)
Tuesday, April 29, 2008
Patrice McDermott, the group's director, credited Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., left, for removal of the Senate provision. Leahy has been a leader in recent efforts to preserve and expand federal freedom of information.
The Senate bill also would have prohibited any non-authorized use of the information. "Members of the public and the press could face criminal or civil penalties for publishing information from the NAIS," the lobbying group warned in a letter to senators, adding that such a measure would have gone "way beyond most existing law in imposing disproportionately harsh penalties for press activities protected by the First Amendment." To read the whole letter, click here.
Under court order, Farm Service Agency must give out data on individual farms' agricultural practices
Multi Ag Media LLC requested the data under the Freedom of Information Act. FSA denied the request in 2005, saying its release would "constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy," one of the exemptions in the law. A federal district judge in Washington agreed, but the appeals court for the District of Columbia ruled otherwise in a 2-1 decision in February.
The court said FSA did not have to release "personally identifying information protected by the Privacy Act of 1974, things like Social Security numbers and names," Peter Shinn reports for Brownfield. "But USDA Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Ag Services Mark Keenum told Brownfield [that] which ag producer belongs to which file in the database won’t be hard to figure out," through farm identification numbers. FSA pointedly said in a press release that the records contain "data for all operations owned and operated by individual agricultural producers and closely held family-owned business entities. These files can be used to reveal details of farming operations at a specific geographical location."
Associate FSA Administrator Glen Keppy told members of the National Association of Farm Broadcasters, at Department of Agriculture headquarters Tuesday for their annual Washington event, "The agency is very concerned and I as a farmer am very concerned. When I go into the county or local office, I expect some confidentiality." Shinn reports Keenum told him the new policy would make farmers question the department's "assurances of confidentiality." (Read more)
Bush criticizes Farm Bill, stands by ethanol; aides push for tighter income limits on crop subsidies
"However, the president stopped short of threatening to veto the new bill that congressional negotiators are struggling to finish," notes Philip Brasher of The Des Moines Register. "Top administration officials later went to the Capitol and met privately with the lawmakers for nearly two hours to discuss differences over the legislation," including "Bush's insistence that Congress tighten income eligibility limits for farm subsidies. . . . The administration proposed to cut off subsidies to farmers and landowners with incomes of more than $200,000 a year. The proposal has met strong resistance from Southern farm interests, and lawmakers have been pushing for higher limits that would apply only to off-farm income." (Read more)
Speaking with reporters in the White House rose garden, Bush said, ""Americans are concerned about rising food prices. Unfortunately, Congress is considering a massive, bloated farm bill that would do little to solve the problem."
Bush also defended the federal ethanol subsidy, which the proposed Farm Bill would cut to 45 cents a gallon from 51 cents. He corrected "a reporter who claimed 85 percent of the price increase in corn since 2002 was because of biofuels," Shinn writes. "The World Bank earlier this month said about 15 percent of the corn price increase could be linked to biofuels, not 85 percent. Mr. Bush pointed out sky-high oil prices are continuing to spur ethanol industry expansion and he said that’s the right approach to reducing America's dependence on foreign oil." (Read more)
Wheat is an iconic crop, probably the one that spawned civilization, and certainly the subject of phrases like "America's breadbasket" and "amber waves of grain." But even though prices for it have risen to record levels, it is in decline in America, as "Many farmers are cutting back on growing wheat in favor of more profitable, less disease-prone corn and soybeans for ethanol refineries and Asian consumers," even in the historic wheat state of North Dakota, Morgan reports. Here's a state-by-state look, via a Post map:
Morgan reports other reasons fewer farmers are raising wheat: As we reported here, it is relatively more susceptible to diseases, seed companies have focused on more profitable crops, climate change and crop research have made corn and soybeans easier to grow in the Wheat Belt, and for the last decade the Farm Bill has allowed farmers "to switch to other crops and still collect government subsidies."
Here's the bottom line from Morgan: "At current prices, farmers . . . can make more money from an acre of corn than from an acre of wheat, according to North Dakota State University economist Dwight Aakre. But wheat's biggest problem is susceptibility to disease, which has turned many farmers against it." (Read more)
Monday, April 28, 2008
As congressional negotiators tried to wrap up the Farm Bill with an agreement on limiting commodity subsidies to farmers with large non-farm incomes, a White House spokesman renewed President Bush's signal that he would veto the compromise version of the bill agreed on so far.
Spokesman Scott Stanzel told Ryan Grim of The Politico, “I understand members will be meeting about this tomorrow, so things still may be a bit fluid. But, as it stands now, it is not something the president would support.” He said the bill “lacks important reforms the president has repeatedly called for. With farm incomes at an all time high, Congress shouldn’t be asking taxpayers to pay for even more government subsidies for farmers. The proposal before Congress would dramatically increase spending, in part by masking additional spending in budgetary gimmicks and accounting tricks.” (Read more) For a report from Charles Abbott of Reuters on the subsidy-limiting negotiations, click here.
Lear said Brownfield also goes after the Missouri Farm Bureau, but "He's really gotten on a tear abut Monsanto," Lear said. Asked for examples, he said "I just don't listen too much" and was acting on complaints to his news department from his sales staff, which feared a reduction in business from Monsanto. Lear said he asked Brownfield last week to "lay off" the chemical and seed company "or at the very least get someone from Monsanto on the air," but Brownfield, 76, told him that fellow Missouri native Rush Limbaugh didn't run his talk show that way and said "Clyde, these people are evil." Brownfield has not returned a call seeking comment. (UPDATE, May 1: Brownfield told Corporate Crime Reporter that he couldn't comment until after May 30, when his show will be dropped. CCR's 1,850-word story quotes Lear as saying Brownfield agreed to have Monsanto on the show, but Lear gave in to pressure from his subordinates.)
Lear said he decided during the conversation with Brownfield to stop carrying his former partner's program, but is trying to help him find another outlet. "I wish I had given this one a little more time," he said. "As a journalist, there's a part of me that wishes I had gone the other way." But Lear is also a businessman and majority owner of his company (he bought out Brownfield in 1985), and he said three of his sales people have Monsanto as a client. Asked if they thought Monsanto would reduce its advertising because of Brownfield, Lear said, "I think there was that fear."
While Lear couldn't cite any examples, Michael Stumo of the Organization for Competitive Markets wrote on the OCM Blog that he and OCM President Fred Stokes were guests on one of the two recent Brownfield programs that were critical of Monsanto. "We discussed the tactics of Monsanto in the marketplace, their abuse of producers, their litigiousness, their quashing of competition, and the recent Vanity Fair article, "Monsanto's Harvest of Fear," Stumo wrote.
Lear announced the termination on his own Grow Learfield blog, initially in gentle terms. "He's good. And, he's a dear friend," Lear wrote. "He didn't mind controversy or taking on giants like the Monsanto Corp. He thought they were bad for farmers, too big for their britches and generally bad for America. Increasingly he's been saying so, without seeking balance, in my opinion." Replying to commenters who complained about his decision, he said, "We've parted ways because accusations being made about not only advertisers, but individuals, corporations, government, (fill in the blank) were based on fear and lies with absolutely no truth to back them up."
Greg Hall notes the demise of the last U.S. slaughterhouses that processed horsemeat for human consumption, mainly in Europe and Japan, a doubling of the number of horses shipped to Mexico for slaughter, and drought that has raised feed costs. "Discoveries of malnourished horses have renewed questions that perhaps it's necessary to make slaughter available for horse owners," he writes. "They could collect maybe a couple hundred dollars by selling an old horse for slaughter rather than continue to pay thousands a year for care and feeding -- a situation with which some horse advocates sympathize. . . . About the only agreement among slaughter proponents and opponents is that the increased costs of fuel and food are issues for horse owners."
Noting various horse-rescue operations, Hall writes, "It was five years ago that reports surfaced that 1986 Kentucky Derby winner Ferdinand had been killed in a Japanese slaughterhouse. The stories motivated horse-rescue operations and shocked Americans who weren't aware that horses are routinely butchered for food in other countries." He adds, "New sites, some at prisons, are planned." A Kentucky prison on Interstate 64, next to its northern junction with I-75, already has a Thoroughbred retirement farm. (Read more)