"State Department records show people from India got 69 percent of the nearly 173, 000 H-1B visas issued last year, with 11 percent going to people from China. The number of visas is up 40 percent since 2005," Henderson writes. "Tech companies say the newcomers fill a gap in U.S.-born science and technology graduates, allowing them to keep more operations in the U.S. and create jobs for other Americans. Farmers and their advocates say the shortage of migrant workers forces them to cut production, waste crops they can’t harvest or pay more for labor, which opens the door to less-expensive foreign produce."
More than 75,000 new immigrants arrived in the Seattle area from 2010-2015, an increase of 24 percent over the previous decade, Henderson writes. During the same period the number of new immigrants in the 11 rural counties around Seattle "was between half and 90 percent less than what it was in 2000-2005." (Stateline map: Change in new immigrants from 2000-2005 and 2010-2015)
From 2002 to 2012 "the number of new field and crop workers immigrating to the U.S. fell by roughly 75 percent between 2002 and 2012, according to a report last year by the Partnership for a New American Economy, a coalition of business leaders and mayors seeking immigration reform," Henderson writes. "California was particularly hard hit by the farm labor shortage. But Alabama, Georgia and South Carolina collectively lost one in four crop workers between 2002 and 2014, while Colorado, Nevada and Utah lost more than a third of their crop workers, most of whom are immigrants."