reports for The New York Times. Lisa Berkman, director of the Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, told Tavernise, "What’s really interesting is that women are more vulnerable than men. We didn’t know that before. It says something about women in this era.”
Women still live longer than men, but the gap has narrowed since the 1970s, Tavernise writes. "Two major social changes may hold some answers: Women went to work en masse, and many more of them began to raise children on their own. Professor Berkman said. "This has been something of a double shift, especially for low and middle-income American women, many of whom are not protected by maternity and parental leave policies."
"Many of the states that had the best economic and social scores had the lowest overall mortality for women," while "many with the lowest social and economic scores had the highest mortality," Tavernise writes. States with the lowest mortality rates are: Hawaii, South Dakota, North Dakota, Nebraska, Minnesota, Utah, Kansas, Wisconsin, Montana and Oregon. The highest mortality rates are in Maryland, Illinois, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Virginia, Wyoming, Tennessee, West Virginia and Nevada.