"The Denton measure does not technically prohibit drilling outright; it would apply only to fracking, which involves blasting apart rock with millions of gallons of chemical-laced water hauled in by trucks," Malewitz writes. "But opponents of the ban say it would make gas beneath the city too difficult to profitably tap–amounting to a drilling ban."
Ohio "sits on top of the Utica Shale formation, where natural gas production has grown eightfold since January 2012, to 1.3 billion cubic feet a day as of September, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration," Dan Molinski and Leslie Eaton report for The Wall Street Journal. "Proponents of the local Ohio proposals argue that fracking in residential areas could cause health problems and taint drinking water supplies. Opponents, including the oil and gas industry and some local government and union officials, have said the proposals are too broad and could hurt job growth."
Early returns had the fracking ban in Mendocino County receiving 64 percent of the vote and on its way to passing, Adam Randall reports for the Daily Journal News. As of 10:30 p.m. local time, the measure had 5,254 voters who said yes and 2,958 voters who said no.
In San Benito County the measure passed with 5,021 yes votes and 3,733 no votes, a margin of 57.3 percent to 42.6 percent, reports Action News 8. While in Santa Barbara County, 44,131 voters—or 60.7 percent of votes tallied—were against the ban, while 28,555 votes—or 39.3 percent—favored the ban, Mike Hodgson reports for the Lompoc Record.